Skip to main content


Indus appreciates and encourages childhood driven curiosity and creativity throughout the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IB PYP). IB PYP provides a context for Indus to build its own unique curriculum with concept-driven units of inquiry.

A full time PYP Head of School and a PYP coordinator work along with the Principal to successfully mentor the teachers and students, plan and implement the academic calendar.

Indus is an IB World School – fully authorized to implement the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (PYP).


What is International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IB PYP)?

The PYP is one of four programmes offered by the International Baccalaureate and is designed for students aged 3 to 12 years. The PYP prepares students to become active, caring, lifelong learners who demonstrate respect for themselves and others and have the capacity to participate in the world around them. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both within and beyond the classroom.

The PYP curriculum is a balanced blend of five essential elements: concepts, knowledge, skills, attitudes and action. The knowledge component is developed through inquiries into six transdisciplinary themes of global significance:

  1. Who we are
  2. Where we are in place and time
  3. How we express ourselves
  4. How the world works.
  5. How we organize ourselves
  6. Sharing the planet

These themes are selected for their relevance to the real world. They are described as transdisciplinary because they focus on issues that go across subject areas. These transdisciplinary themes help teachers to develop a programme of inquiry. Teachers work together to develop investigations into important ideas, which require a substantial and high level of involvement on the part of students. This framework ensures that students examine each theme.

This is supported and balanced by skills and knowledge from the 6 subject areas: Language, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, PSPE (Personal, Social and Physical Education) and the Arts, which foster the all-round development of the child.

The PYP aims to create a curriculum that is engaging, relevant, challenging and significant for learners in the 3–12 age range. The curriculum is transdisciplinary, meaning that it focuses on issues that go across subject areas.

The PYP aims to create a curriculum that is engaging, relevant, challenging, and significant for learners in the 3–12 age group. The curriculum is transdisciplinary in that it focuses on issues that go beyond classroom learning.

The PYP Curriculum is organized according to the written curriculum, the taught curriculum and the assessed curriculum.


Written Curriculum

The written curriculum, comprises of five essential elements and details what students will learn. The five essential elements of the PYP are:

  1. knowledge, which is both disciplinary, represented by traditional subject areas (language, math, science, social studies, arts, PSPE) and transdisciplinary.
  2. concepts, which students explore through structured inquiry in order to develop coherent, in-depth understanding, and which have relevance both within and beyond subject areas.
  3. skills, which are the broad capabilities students develop and apply during learning and in life beyond the classroom.
  4. attitudes, which contribute to international-mindedness and the wellbeing of individuals and learning communities.
  5. Action, wherein successful inquiry leads to responsible, thoughtful and appropriate action.


Taught Curriculum

The teaching is committed to a structured and purposeful inquiry that engages students actively in their own learning. The programme supports students’ efforts to construct meaning from the world around them by:

  1. drawing on their prior knowledge
  2. providing provocation through new experiences
  3. providing opportunities for reflection and consolidation

This approach respects students’ developing ideas about how the world works. It encourages them to question, consider and refine their understanding of the social and natural world.



The purpose of assessments are to:

  1. promote student learning
  2. provide information about student learning
  3. contribute to the successful implementation of the programme

Through assessment, the teachers identify what students know, understand, can do and value at different stages in the teaching and learning process.

In the PYP, learning is viewed as a continuous journey, where teachers identify students’ needs and use assessment data to plan the next stage of their learning.

Teachers at Indus use a wide range of assessment strategies to collect information on each of the elements represented in the above mentioned written curriculum.


Transition into International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme (IB MYP)

In the final year of the PYP, students, carry out an extended, in-depth, collaborative project known as the PYP exhibition.

This involves students working collaboratively to conduct an in-depth inquiry into real-life issues or problems.  Students collectively synthesize all of the essential elements of the PYP in ways that can be shared with the whole school community.

It also provides teachers with a powerful and authentic process for assessing student understanding.

The exhibition represents a unique and significant opportunity for students to exhibit the attributes developed throughout their engagement with the PYP, providing students with a wonderful opportunity to celebrate the transition into the Middle Years Programme.


Key Facts

  • The International Baccalaureate (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) was introduced in 1997
  • It followed the introduction of the Middle Years Programme (MYP) and the Diploma Programme (DP) – established respectively in 1994 and 1968
  • The PYP is taught to students aged from 3-12 years
  • As of 16th March 2017, there are 1,472 schools offering the PYP in 109 different countries worldwide
  • A global International Schools’ Assessment study that ran from 2009-2011 reported that PYP students outperformed Non-IB students in areas of mathematics, reading, and writing in
  • A 2014 national study in Australia found that students in the PYP perform better than the national average in nationwide science tests



The PYP was developed through the vision and effort, sustained over ten years, of the former International Schools Curriculum Project (ISCP). Their goal was to produce a common curriculum, for students in the 3-12 age range, which would provide continuity of learning within each school and ensure that the curriculum developed international-mindedness on the part of learners. Since being introduced by the IB, the PYP continues to meet these initial aims of providing a curriculum that brings international-mindedness to the school community.

To know more about the IB PYP, click here.